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Paralysis may be natural in some, or caused by medical complications, disease or severe traumatic injuries. Variations of paralysis, including quadriplegia, paraplegia and hemi paralysis, are discussed further below.


Paraplegia is the loss of sensation or movement in the legs and in all or part of the torso, usually caused by an injury below the neck.

Perhaps the worst physical injury a person can suffer is damage to the spinal cord. The spinal cord, along with the brain, makes up  the Central Nervous System. The spinal cord is the bundle of nerves that runs from the brain down to the waist. This bundle of nerves is surrounded by a column of protective bones known as vertebrae. A spinal cord injury is defined as damage to the spinal cord that causes a loss of function to the body. This loss of function is often total or partial paralysis and/or a lack of physical sensation.

According to the Canadian Paraplegic Association, approximately 84 percent of people who sustain a spinal cord injury are under the age of 34. People who suffer such a life-altering injury at such a young age require not only short-term support but also the tools to adjust to their situation and move forward with the remainder of their life.

Many life changes follow an injury that has resulted in paraplegia or quadriplegia, including:

  • Regular rehabilitation, physical therapy and medical care
  • A new profession or reduced-level employment
  • Alterations to one’s home and car to accommodate different physical needs
  • Added stress to personal relationships, including friends and family

In the immediate aftermath of a car accident or traumatic event that has caused paralysis, medical care is the priority. Some long-term changes in a person’s life may not fully manifest for months, or even years. Initially the focus should be on healing the injured party.  Nicholson Gluckstein Lawyers has a team of professionals experienced in dealing with seriously injured and will work tirelessly to ensure that our clients’ needs are met both medically and financially.

Nicholson Gluckstein Lawyers focuses on each client’s specific legal needs. Our years of standing by injury victims have given us the required experience to advise our clients on what they can expect during the process of filing a legal claim, as well as to provide an honest assessment of the results we are able to achieve.  Our Ottawa paralysis lawyers are here to help. If you or someone you love needs our help, please contact us. If you or someone you love needs our help, please contact us.


QuadCaseQuadriplegia is paralysis caused by illness or injury to the spinal cord that results in the partial or total loss of use of all limbs and torso; paraplegia is similar but does not affect the arms. The loss is usually sensory and motor, which means that both sensation and control are lost.  It is caused by damage to the brain or the spinal cord at a high level of the spine (neck area).  Those who become quadriplegic face many challenges including loss or change in employment and income, increased financial obligations due to rehabilitation and housing changes and long-term health care costs.

If a quadriplegia injury is due to the negligence of others, or if an insurance company does not want to adequately compensate your losses, the legal services of our Ottawa personal injury lawyers can ensure those parties uphold their obligations to restore your financial circumstances and long-term health.

The types of catastrophic injuries that cause quadriplegia are often the result of accidents that could have been avoided. Whether due to the actions of an unsafe driver, poorly maintained equipment, or other negligence, if another party contributed to the events that caused your injury, Nicholson Gluckstein Lawyers can establish liability and secure compensation for your expenses and loss.


The most common causes of quadriplegia injuries are:

  • Motorcycle accidents
  • Airplane accidents
  • Pedestrian accidents
  • Auto accidents
  • Truck accidents
  • Bicycle accidents
  • Limousine accidents
  • Train and subway accidents
  • Diving accidents


Acting in a timely manner is very important.  There are statutory time limits to filing a civil claim for damages, and we recommend that you engage the services of an experienced quadriplegia accident lawyer as soon as is reasonably possible after the accident. Nicholson Gluckstein Lawyers are certified in the intricacies of personal injury law and how they can be used to maximize your settlement with the negligent parties and their insurance companies. Due to the incapacity of many quadriplegia injury victims, it is important for the family of the injured victim to be proactive in speaking to a serious permanent injury lawyer.

Quadriplegia injuries are arguably the most severe personal injuries that can result from an accident. The injuries are permanent and irreversible, and the victim will be paralyzed and bound to a wheelchair for his or her remaining lifetime. Accidents leading to quadriplegia injuries almost always cause extreme pain and suffering to the victim, and that pain continues long after the victim’s recovery and rehabilitation program have been completed. The victim will require ongoing assistance with almost every basic human need, which creates a lot of strain and stress on family members.

Our quadriplegia and paralysis accident lawyers have represented numerous victims of permanent catastrophic injury and understand how difficult their struggle to rebuild a satisfying life will be. We make the process as effortless and stress-free as possible for you by managing the complete legal processes and insurance company negotiations so you can focus on overcoming your personal obstacles. At Nicholson Gluckstein Lawyers in Ottawa, we have gained unparalleled expertise in the complexities of insurance policies.

As our client, you can expect to receive competent and capable representation. Our personal injury accident lawyers are aggressive in their pursuit of justice for you, and yet, also honest and ethical in our negotiations with opposing parties. If you or a family member has been involved in an accident that caused permanent disability, please contact one of our personal injury lawyers.

Paralysis may be natural in some, or caused by medical complications, disease or severe traumatic injuries. Variations of paralysis, including quadriplegia, paraplegia and hemi paralysis, are discussed further below.

Hemi Paralysis

HemiparalysisHemi Paralysis or Hemiplegia  is a condition paralyzing or severely weakening one side of a person’s body. This condition can be the result of illness, stroke, or spinal cord injury.

Hemiplegia is a more severe form of ‘hemiparesis’ wherein one half of the body is only weakened. It is also very different from the conditions of paraplegia & quadriplegia, which are commonly confused with hemiplegia. Paraplegia is paralysis in both legs, below the waist. Quadriplegia is paralysis below the neck and is also usually the result of a spinal cord injury.

Many conditions can cause hemiplegia. Generally, an injury to the right side of the brain will cause a left-sided hemiplegia while an injury to the left side of the brain will cause a right-sided hemiplegia.

Many conditions can cause hemiplegia.

  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Brain tumor
  • Infections – meningitis, encephalitis
  • Migraine syndrome – recurrent headaches of severe intensity occasionally accompanied by sensations of numbness and tingling in one half of the body
  • Diseases affecting the nerves such as Multiple Sclerosis
  • Conditions presenting from birth -cerebral palsy
  • Hereditary diseases such as leukodystrophies
  • Injury to the spinal cord

If the hemi paralysis is as a result of an injury or accident, legal action could be required.  Whether you need to file a lawsuit or appeal an insurance judgement, our Ottawa team of personal injury lawyers can be your advocate and voice in court.

Helpful Websites:

Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation…

Spinal Cord Injury Ontario

Spinal Cord Injury Canada

Spinal Cord Injury Action Canada

Rick Hansen Institute

Canadian / American Spinal Research Organizations